Just because you enjoy great food doesn't mean you have to spend a lot of money dining out or buying upscale foods for delicious meals at home. With the advice of some noted chefs and food writers, you can elevate the level of your home-cooked meals even while working with a tight grocery budget, producing feasts that wow for just a few dollars per serving.Photo by benicce/Shutterstock.
We'll show you where to shop and what to stock in your pantry to maximise your dollars-to-enjoyment ratio. We'll also show you how to save more on buying meat (often the most expensive part of the meal) and techniques and recipes for cooking up some exquisite dishes. Note: you don't have to consider yourself a "foodie" to use these suggestions — all you need to bring is a desire for great food.
Learn Techniques to Make the Most Out of Your Meals
Some cooking techniques like braising and slow cooking are very cost-effective and simple, producing flavourful meals; you can tenderise extremely tough — and inexpensive — cuts of meat with these techniques.
Make the Most Out of Cheap Proteins
The biggest cost savings you find may be on proteins, especially with today's rising meat prices. If you're not a vegetarian, the meat portion of the meal could very well make up the majority of your grocery budget (thus, it also follows that you can make the most out of your food budget by switching to a flexitarian diet or just eating a meat-less meal every once in a while).
Learning a few cooking techniques to enhance even cheap cuts of meat can help you turn a $10 steak into a $50 steak, so to speak:
Slow cooking: Even if you don't decide to hack your slow cooker into an off-the-charts sous vide cooker, a slow cooker can make even the toughest of meats tender and tastier. (Apparently you can also hack a beer cooler into a sous vide cooker.) Plus, the hands-off approach of using a slow cooker also means you can get flavour-packed meals without a lot of effort. You don't want just an everyday slow cooker meal though: foodie recipe search engine Punchfork can help you find more advanced slow cooker meals to make at home, like this carnitas recipe from TheKitchn that uses an inexpensive cut of pork: place a 2-3kg pork butt (a.k.a. pork shoulder) in the slow cooker with some spices and tomato and orange juice and eight hours later, you've got tender meat that falls off the bone.
Braising: Deb Perelman of the beautiful Smitten Kitchen food blog suggests we embrace braising. Cooked low and slow, ribs, briskets, pork shoulders and so on "make incredible flavour-packed, stewy meals that can easily be spooned into tacos/served over rice or egg noodles and stretched to feed you for a week." Want recipes? Try Deb's knee-weakening braised beef short ribs or other braised recipes. Don't know what braising is? Previously mentioned cooking video library Cookblast has some videos and recipes for this slow-cooking technique.
Salting: That cheap steak that tastes like it came from the very expensive steakhouse? It's all about salt. Basically, salt your steak like crazy at least 40 minutes before cooking (wash the salt off before) for the juiciest steak you've every made. You can intensify the flavour of all of your meats with wet and dry brining techniques—basically using salt to enhance the flavour of your meats by immersing them in a salty solution or just applying a dry salt rub directly.
How to Save on Proteins
With the techniques above you can make cheaper cuts of meat, like pork shoulder, taste extraordinary, but here's how to save even more:
Process your meat yourself: For the most savings, buy your meat (and other foods) minimally processed. Serious Eats' James Kenji Lopez-Alt (who forever transformed my steak-cooking technique and subsequent lifelong enjoyment) says that his biggest tip is:
Buy your meat in the least processed form possible and learn how to do some very minimal butchering yourself. So don't buy boneless skinless chicken breasts. If you want them, buy a whole chicken, which ends up costing about the same price as you'd pay for its breasts alone, but then you end up with chicken leg meat for a whole extra meal, as well as a carcass with which you can make stock. Three meals for the price of one, and all you've got to do is learn how to break down a chicken.
Buying and learning how to cook cheaper cuts of meat is very useful as well. Pork shoulder, for example, to me tastes a hundred times better than a pork chop. You just have to be willing to cook it a little longer. It takes well to methods like braising, slow roasting, or grinding into mince.
He also recommends buying a mincer, because not only will it give you the freshest tasting burgers, it lets you use up leftover scraps of meat you'd normally throw out.
Cheaper cuts: Katerina, who writes the Daily Unadventures in Cooking blog says that:
One of the well kept secrets of foodies is that the cheaper the cut of meat, the harder to cook but the more the flavour. Lamb shanks and neck? Pork belly? Octopus? Short ribs? As proteins, they all represent a cheap way to impress guests at home if you are willing to take the time to properly cook them.
Clay Dunn, who writes the popular and informative Bitten Word blog with partner Zach Patton, generously offered these two preparation techniques:
One of the best, most versatile and most affordable cuts of meat you can find is a skirt steak. It's also one of the easiest cuts of meat to cook. Amp up the flavour by rubbing the steak with instant espresso powder and some cayenne pepper. Then just sear it in a stovetop pan over high heat for a couple minutes per side, let it rest for several minutes, and slice it against the grain. You can stretch your protein dollar even further by incorporating the skirt steak into a steak salad: It's fantastic tossed with fresh dark lettuces, green beans and a sweet vinaigrette.
Another favourite inexpensive protein of ours is chicken thighs. They're tasty and succulent — way more flavourful than white-meat breasts. And you can frequently find chicken thighs for about a dollar per serving. We always by these instead of chicken breasts. Sear them on all sides in hot oil, toss some chopped onions and fresh tomato into the pan, and throw the whole thing in a 375-degree oven for 16-18 minutes to roast. Delicious! Maximise the flavour — and your budget — even more by stirring in a few fresh basil leaves, chopped, right before you serve.
How to Save on Fresh Produce
You don't really need to shop at supermarkets for any or all of your choice foods. Food markets offer fresh-from-the-farm foods, and shopping later in the day at one of them can save you some extra cash. (Dunn said you can find some really great deals at farmer's markets if you buy the fruits and vegetables at the peak of the season — you could get a pint of berries for a third of what it would cost you at the supermarket.)
Perelman also reminds us that good looks don't always matter when it comes to your fruits and veggies:
Don't be afraid of ugly produce (in fact, be more suspicious of the overly pretty stuff and what has to be added to the soil to get blemish free beauties); ugly tomatoes make great sauce
To get the most bang for your organic buck, you can also focus your spending on just those organic foods most prone to pesticide. If your main reason for buying organic is to avoid pesticides, foods like avocado and bananas, which have thick peels that aren't eaten, can be bought safely non-organic. Peppers, celery, peaches, apples, strawberries and other fruits and vegetables with thin or edible skins are better organic options.
Of course, you can also save a lot of money by starting your own vegetable garden, if you have the space. Cheap Vegetable Gardener has a chart of the most profitable vegetables/herbs to grow yourself. (Tools like Smart Gardener can help you set this up and grow your own food successfully even if you don't have a green thumb.)
Where to Buy Other Quality Food for Cheap
Beyond fresh produce and meats, you can save a whole lot more by shopping in unconventional places.
Look to ethnic supermarkets for better deals on spices, for example, or just the international aisle of your main supermarket, Dunn advises. Online shops let you find specialty foods that you couldn't find in brick-and-mortar stores.
How to Stock Your Gourmet Pantry/What to Buy
Sometimes, all it takes is that one key ingredient — a unique sauce or a condiment —to make your meal extraordinary. Investing your food money wisely lets you scrimp on some expensive items (like meats) while still getting a lot of flavour from your meal.
Stephanie Trahd at artisan foods marketplace Fooducopia says "It's much more affordable to take a cheaper cut of meat and dress it with a gourmet steak wash, than it is to buy a filet and only be able to afford a parsley garnish!"
Likewise, Chef Mark Estee, owner of Moddy's Bistro and Lounge and Burger Me in Truckee, California, reminds us that having great staples in your pantry is important because "bad quality in, bad quality out." The staples he suggest you invest in: extra virgin olive oil, balsamic vinegar, sea salts, chutneys and mustards.
Durand adds to the list nut oils like hazelnut and roasted walnut oil for delicious salads, and really likes this smoked olive oil featured on TheKitchn. (When cooking, stick to cheap olive oil to save cash, but for salads or drizzling over food, you may actually taste the difference in a higher-quality oil.)
Keeping basics in stock will also help you avoid the dine-out/take-out bug. Lopez-Alt says he always has on hand a collection of Chinese, Japanese and South East Asian condiments and sauces ready to go, so all he has to do for a quick and savoury meal is pick up a protein and boil some rice.
I'm with Perelman on splurging on milk, eggs, produce and meat; it's worth the extra cost to us to buy ethically raised and cleanly produced foods. But even then, you can still save even on organic produce, grass-fed beef, free-range eggs and the like using some of the shopping tips above.
Favourite Versatile, Inexpensive Meals
When asked what their most delicious yet cheap meals were, our food sources had so many great suggestions:
- Durand reminded me of the addictiveness of chickpeas when toasted as a snack, turned into fresh hummus or a spicy chickpea salad for lunch.
- You'll find great pizza cooking at Smitten Kitchen; Deb says you can "buy the softest, fanciest mozzarella" and toss in some proscuitto plus imported tomato puree to make a $10 meal for many.
- This recipe for Grilled Mussels with Herb Butter at Bitten Word is one of the least expensive dinners Clay and Zach say they've ever made, and it has a huge "wow" factor. Total cost of the meal for three people: under $US15. (Besides being flavourful and inexpensive, mussels are also one of the most sustainable seafood choices, so this may be a great go-to recipe.)
How to Get More Value Out of Your Wines
If you agree with the old Andre Simon quote that "Food without wine is a corpse; wine without food is a ghost", you'll probably want some good vino with your home-cooked meal. For many people, a wine store filled with bottles upon bottles of wines of varying prices can be overwhelming.
Jsaon Mancebo, who writes the 20 Dollar Wine Blog, said the best strategy is to develop a relationship with a wine monger at a smaller wine shop, so he/she can get to know your style, palate and price ranges. Regionally speaking:
The usual suspects for bargains in the past 10 years or so are Australia, Chile and Argentina, but recent economics make Spain, Portugal and even Italy VERY attractive now. Great Rioja, Alentejo and Barolo are certainly within reach! If you're normally only a red wine fan, try some rose' from Provence or white from the Langhe. There's lots to explore and great stuff to pair with the dishes you create!
Though you can find good wines at $15 or below, they're not as easy (i.e. super-easy) to find at $25. The sweet spot, Mancebo says, is somewhere in between.
I also like Lopez-Alt's answer: "[In]the summer I like having inexpensive, easy-to-drink wines, like a nice cold vinho verde."
"Foodie" Meals at Home: In a Nutshell
To sum up, you can save more but still get a lot of value and tastiness out of the foods you buy and make at home. The basic guidelines:
- Buy from less conventional/mass marketplaces. Explore ethnic markets, food markets, and grow your own if you can
- Buy as much as you can whole and unprocessed
- Learn how to preserve your foods (e.g. how to store food properly in the freezer and fridge or food preservation techniques)
- Use all parts of the food if possible. Use chicken bones to make stock, toast pumpkin seeds, etc.
- Splurge on items that will enhance the rest of the meal and where a little will go a long way. Or focus on one quality ingredient in each dish.
Doing this may increase the quality of your meals at home to the point where you might even prefer dining in rather than out. Bon appetit!
Got your own tips for increasing the foodieness of your homecooked meals (on a budget)? We're all ears in the comments.