The Effortless Diet: Healthy Substitutions For The Most Unhealthy Cooking Ingredients

Everyone wants to improve their diet, but it takes a lot of work to do a full overhaul. If you want to ease into it a little, here's how to substitute healthier foods for your favourite unhealthy cooking staples.

It's easy to make an otherwise healthy meal incredibly unhealthy by dousing it in one or two ingredients — such as an overload of fatty dairy products — but it's surprisingly easy to do the opposite, too. With a few substitutions to your standard cooking routine, you can make a healthier meal without sacrificing too much taste. Your taste bud mileage will vary a little here, but even if you do notice a difference in flavour it's usually not too much.

Use Reduced Fat Milk

It might seem obvious that replacing whole milk with reduced fat is healthier, but it's worth pointing out because in most cases it doesn't really affect the flavour. If a recipe calls for milk when you're baking, you can often use soy, almond or rice milk instead of full milk. You may need to experiment a little to find the best substitute, but it's worth the effort for dishes you cook regularly. Photo by liz west.

Use Bolder Cheeses In Smaller Amounts

As with milk, switching to a reduced-fat cheese is a simple way to cut the fat and kilojoules from a meal without sacrificing too much flavour. That said, the difference in taste and texture is often more obvious. Fortunately, you can still get that cheesy flavour without ditching the full-fat cheeses entirely.

If you plan your recipes out right you can get the flavour punch you want from a full-fat cheese and only use a little bit of it. Eating Well recommends using the full-fat cheese on the top of baked dishes instead of in the middle for the biggest flavour impact. This way, you still get the flavour, but you're not eating as much of it.

Likewise, Real Living suggests simply substituting a bolder cheese (like aged cheddar, asiago, or smoked cheese) for recipes that calls for a milder cheese. When you use a cheese with a stronger flavour, you only need to use about half the amount of what the recipe calls for. Photo by Justin Cozart.

Use Oils Or Margarine Instead Of Butter

Butter is a kitchen staple, used for everything from frying to baking. While it tastes great, it's also high in kilojoules and saturated fats. Fortunately there are plenty of substitutes, depending on the context.

The most obvious butter replacement is oil. In many cases, a fat-free non-stick cooking spray works just as well. For frying, olive oil and canola oil make great substitutes. While both oils have about the same number of kilojoules as butter, they have fewer saturated fats. You may notice a little bit of a difference in the flavour of the final meal, but it's not as pronounced as you might think. Margarine, which is derived from vegetable oil, also makes a good replacement.

Use Vanilla, Nutmeg Or Cinnamon Instead Of Sugar

Sugar is one of the easier ingredients to substitute for, because you're really just looking for something that tastes sweet. When you cut sugar out of your diet, you can reduce body weight a little, and cut back on a lot of other negative effects.

When a baking recipe calls for sugar, cut the sugar in half, and substitute vanilla, nutmeg or cinnamon for the other half. It's a simple solution that cuts the sugar but doesn't sacrifice the sweet flavour. Sweeteners are another option, but it's still not entirely clear what their side effects are.

Use Other Herbs For (Too Much) Salt

Whether or not salt is actually bad for you is surprisingly controversial, but health experts still think high sodium diets increase the risk of heart disease to some extent. Regardless of the science at play here, cutting back your salt intake is easy and can sometimes even produce a more flavourful dish.

The Harvard School of Public Health suggests that substitutions make your food taste better:

Using herbs, spices, and other flavourings is a great way to season food... Experiment with fresh or dried garlic, oregano, pepper, sage, rosemary, or tarragon; bolder seasonings such as curry, cinnamon, nutmeg, saffron, or smoked paprika; tangy marinades, such as lemon juice, lime juice, or flavored vinegars; or fragrant oils, such as sesame oil, walnut oil, extra virgin olive oil, or pumpkin seed oil.

Use Yoghurt Instead Of Sour Cream Or Mayonnaise

Being from a Polish family, I have a special affinity for dishes that have a lot of sour cream in them. Sour cream isn't that unhealthy when used in moderation, but let's be honest: most Polish dishes don't use sour cream in moderation at all. That means in a lot of meals you're getting a stack of fat and calories. Thankfully, for many meals, plain yoghurt makes a great sour cream substitute.

The substitution is pretty simple. The Kitchn suggests you use the same amount of yoghurt as you would sour cream, and add a little cornflour to thicken it up. As it turns out, yoghurt also makes a great substitute for mayonnaise as well (as an ingredient, not a topping).

These substitutions alone won't make your eating habits healthy. You might still need a full-blown overhaul of your diet and eating habits. Once you get your diet in gear, you can add a few more healthy ingredients into the mix to keep it going. But the above substitutions can make the meals you already love a little more healthy without killing off the taste. You'll need to experiment with different substitutes for different recipes (they're not going to work all the time), but it's a surprisingly easy to cut down on fat and kilojoules in your meals.


Comments

    Stopped listening at "margarine is a good replacement for butter"

      Stopped caring about your comment when no supporting evidence was supplied.

      ditto. Margarine is one of the worst things you can do to your body...

      Unless you're living in the US (ironic considering the author) you should probably start again:

      http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Fats_butter_or_margarine

      In particular:

      Some research quoted in the popular media links margarine to negative health outcomes. However, this research is not relevant to Australia because it was conducted on US margarines that are often higher in trans fats than Australian margarines. Margarine production in Australia is different – manufacturers have made an effort to reduce trans fat levels and produce margarine that contains minimal trans fats.

      If you're still worried about the trans fats, you're probably mostly concerned about the influx of "free radicals" into your body. In that case, drink more tea. Supposedly, the anti-oxidants in the tea absorb the free radicals in your system on their way through you.

      Last edited 08/04/13 4:48 pm

        I'm actually not worried about trans fats, personally. For me it comes down to this.

        Butter: Ingredients - Cream. Salt.

        Margarine: Ingredients - Water, oil, 20 things I've never heard of.

          That has to do with the requirements for listing ingredients - they're applied unevenly, since butter is regarded as an "animal product", while maragrine isn't. If margarine listed it's ingredients the way butter does, they would be:

          Water, salt, milk, margaric acid, vegetable oil

          If butter listed its ingredients the way margarine has to, you'd likely include at least:

          Water, salt, milk, cream ,oleic acid, myristic acid, palmitic acid, stearic, lauric acid, butyric acid, caproic acid, capric acid, caprylic acid, inoleic acid, linolenic acid

          Technically, I should add beta carotene to the margarine list, but butter now usually has a bit in it as well, so it seems unfair to list the food colouring. Actually, if you want to get really paranoid, butter is typically 3% butyric acid, which is considered a toxic substance. At its worst, I don't think the trans fats in margarine reached that level. On the up side, butyric acid is supposedly an anti-carcinogen, which is good, because I think a few of the other acids - like oleic acid - actually can be carcinogens.

          For the record, I keep and use both, since most of the "health" information on the two is driven by dairy and alternative health vs manufacturing and NFP marketing campaigns, as opposed to science. Yes, margarine has/had trans fats, but at levels so low, to consume enough to hurt you, you'd still be moving into blimp territory weight-wise. And yes, butter has a lot of saturated fat, but again, how much butter are you consuming? A tablespoon a day in an otherwise balanced diet is unlikely to be stopping your heart next week.

          tldr - both are bad and good. use either (or both) in moderation, and you should be fine.

            "Both are bad and good. use either (or both) in moderation, and you should be fine."

            If we could just put this at the top of pretty much any "health" post, with "in moderation" bolded I think we'd all be a lot better off.

    Assuming that you believe that fat = bad

      I believe that the author was referring to saturated fats but yes, people often forget that fats are essential for our body to function properly.

    Use Brussels sprouts instead of Oreos

      haha yes that works well, I've found replacing turpentine with water has made a remarkable difference to all areas of my life.

    there is some bad advice above....

    margarine instead of butter, skim milk of full fat.......it's like journalism from the 20th Century

    Whats wrong with butter? This article is from the days when the oil companies ran butter down through propganda and replaced it in the public consciouness to sell the industrial bi-product known as margarine. In the interest of better health? Not.

      The article fails to point out the differences between butter and margarine which was traditionally butter had high sat. fat and margarine substituted that for trans fat which the negative health affects were unknown at the time. As others have mentioned, the producers now try making healthier versions by cutting down on these but stay away from trans fats in particular i would say

    Some mis leading information here I believe, reduced consumables isn't the answer dietary fats are required for hormonal responses in the body and shouldn't be neglected (this includes saturated fat) the only "bad" fat there is would be trans fat in high amounts.

    Eat vegetables, lean meat, nuts/seeds. exercise, smaller meal sizes and dont be lazy, walk, run ride. Dont eat bread everyday!

    Avoid two things, white sugar and white flour. If you recognise these two things hidden in food and can avoid them then you're pretty much 90% of the way in having a healthy diet.

    “Eat food. Not too much. Mostly plants.”
    - Michael Pollan "In Defense of Food"

    The catch is in the first bit, "Eat food". This means try to avoid all "food-like substances" such as heavily processed foods.
    Be especially wary of any 'food' that makes health claims on it's packaging.
    "Eat food" means eat local, seasonal produce where it's available.

    Unrelated, the Doco "The Botany of Desire" is a fascinating watch based on his book of the same name.

    The only part of this article I agree with is cutting out the sugar - the rest is outdated and highly misleading.

Join the discussion!

Trending Stories Right Now