How To Write A Cover Letter That Employers Will Actually Read

How To Write A Cover Letter That Employers Will Actually Read

When you’re applying for a new job, you inevitably have to write a cover letter to accompany your resume and serve as an introduction to who you are. These letters must be brief yet compelling, so you don’t require much of the reader but still come across as unique. This can be tough, but if you utilise the principles of good storytelling and concise writing you can put together a letter that won’t get lost in the pile. Here’s how.

Title photo by Wrangler (Shutterstock).

Most cover letters tend to be fairly formulaic and look something like this:


I would like to express my interest in [SOME POSITION] at [COMPANY]. Although I’ve explored many options in my job search, I’ve come to respect the quality and integrity of the work that you do. For example, I was very impressed by the latest television campaign for Kellogs. I love creating great advertisements for television, radio, and print, and believe I would be a good asset to your company. I’m a hard worker who thinks outside of the box while producing creative work in an efficient manner. I believe you’ll find that my four years of experience at [SOME OTHER COMPANY I CLEARLY WANT TO LEAVE OR WAS FIRED FROM], and my resulting portfolio, mirror these qualities. I look forward to hearing from your and exchanging ideas about what I can offer [COMPANY].

Thank you for your consideration.


If you read a letter like this, you wouldn’t cry blood or toss it in the garbage in favour of getting a root canal. It’s a perfectly acceptable letter by letter-writing standards, but it’s also pretty generic and ineffective. It doesn’t tell you anything about who the author is, any compelling reason why they’re interested in their work or the company they’re hoping will employ them, and really does nothing at all to stand out from the crowd. In this post, we’re going to look at how to avoid letters like these and write interesting, unique cover letters that target the reader.

Know Your Audience


First of all, knowing the way a company operates will hint at the level of formality they’ll expect from a letter. If you were applying for a job at Lifehacker, for example, you’d want to write something more casual. At a bank, formality would likely be appreciated. Design firms and other creative companies generally fall somewhere in the middle. If you know the company, you should have a pretty good idea of what’s fitting. Going back to the IDEO example, you could get away with a statement like this:

Ever since I saw the giant aeroplane wing crashing through the wall of your offices I knew IDEO was a place I wanted to work.

Something like that probably wouldn’t get you very far at a bank, but this could:

The first time I made a payment with Kaching I was delighted by how easy it was. Now that I am in the market for a job, I immediately though of Commonwealth Bank because I want to help to create the tools that make banking a pleasure.

These statements compliment the company. They show that you know detail about the company, so you’re not just applying abitrarily. They show that you appreciate the work the company does and they provide insight into who you are and what you care about. When you’re writing your cover letter, knowing your audience can help you do this. You may be applying for a job because you want any job, but that doesn’t mean you can’t do a little research and find something you like and respect about your prospective employer. Doing so will give you the opportunity to connect with them in a very brief moment and help you avoid getting stacked in a pile of generic applicants.

Photos by Dominiek ter Heide and Adam Piontek.

Know Yourself

Joel SpolskyFog Creek Softwareexplains this idea

The number one best way to get someone to look at your resume closely: come across as a human being, not a list of jobs and programming languages. Tell me a little story. “I’ve spent the last three weeks looking for a job at a real software company, but all I can find are cheezy web design shops looking for slave labour.” Or, “We yanked our son out of high school and brought him to Virginia. I am not going to move again until he is out of high school, even if I have to go work at Radio Shack or become a Wal*Mart greeter.” (These are slightly modified quotes from two real people.)

Who you are matters. It’s true that some companies are mostly interested in hiring people who will simply get the work done, accept a low salary, and never complain. However, you’re applying for a job you’re actually going to like then chances are you matter. Put a little of yourself into the cover letter. You’re not sharing your disease history. You’re sharing your personality in a way that’s relevant to the job you want. It’s fun. It’s an excuse to be honest, and you increase your chances of getting a job, too.

Photo by Luke Baldacchino.

Show, Don’t Tell

The best way to do this is look back on your work history — or even something relevant that you created outside of your professional life — that made you feel proud of what you can do. Tell a story about that in a few short sentences:

For her 9th birthday, my daughter wanted brownies just like the ones they make at her favourite restaurant. I accidentally spilled a little pudding mix into the batter, only to discover a trick that made one of the best desserts I’ve ever had. I can replicate a recipe like the best of them, but it’s the mistakes I’ve made while baking that remind me of how much I love it.

You can tell anyone anything, but you have to provide an example to demonstrate why they should believe your claims.

Photo by Les Chatfield.

Demonstrate What Every Employer Wants To Know

Most employers care about the following three things above all else:

  1. You’re smart.
  2. You’ll get things done.
  3. You’ll fit in well with their corporate culture.

Before you sign and send your cover letter, do your best to ensure those three things are implied. Again, you don’t ever want to actually say them, but you want your reader to think them when they’ve finished reading your letter.

Never Write The Same Letter Twice

Every time you apply for a job your audience changes. The job changes. Chances are you’ve changed a bit, too. While you can certainly re-use elements from previous cover letters when they are applicable, it’s very important to remember that the exact same cover letter is going to have a different impact on different people. As you go ahead and apply for different jobs, remember that they are different. You’ll want to craft your cover letters to express that.


  • I am re-entering the workforce after a 9 year break to raise my two children. filling that 9 year gap in my resume has been really daunting. After reading this site I am going to attempt to write a titillating cover letter so maybe they just won’t notice the gap. There might be other people in my situation so I will update on my sucess.

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