So you've contracted a virus that's taken over your computer, and you can't even boot up to try and troubleshoot the problem. The solution: Create a rescue CD, boot into a safe environment, and rid your PC of any nefarious software. Here's how to do it with minimal effort.
Photo by natu (Shutterstock).
Note: This is a beginner's guide to system rescue and we're trying to make it as simple as possible, so anyone can get the job done with minimal effort.
How to Create Your Rescue Disc
If you can't boot into your computer, you'll need to borrow a computer from a friend to burn your rescue disc, but other than that, all you really need is a blank CD. Here's what you need to do:
- Download the Avira Rescue System and save it on your spare computer. We'll use A Avira as an example here, but if you prefer, you can download similar discs from Trend Micro, Kaspersky, BitDefender, AVG, Symantec, and many other security software developers. If you already use an antivirus program (and you should), grab the rescue disk from your current software provider.
- Insert a blank CD or DVD into your computer, and double-click on the Rescue System installer that you downloaded. Pick your disc drive from the list, and it will install the rescue disc for you. Note: If you don't have a CD drive, you can download this Avira Rescue ISO from this page instead, and use Unetbootin to create a bootable flash drive instead. It takes a bit more work, but it will work on computers that don't have a disc drive.
- Once your disc has finished burning, insert it into the affected computer and press the power button. If it boots into the Avira Rescue System interface, skip to the next section.
If your computer doesn't boot into the Avira Rescue System interface, you'll need to tweak a setting in your system's BIOS. To do so, reboot your computer. When it first boots up, you should see a screen that says something like "Press DEL to enter setup". (Other common keys are F2 and F12). Press and hold the key it requires to enter setup. Everyone's computer is different, but somewhere in those menus you should find an option that says something like "Boot Order". Change that setting so that your CD drive is number one on the list, save your settings, and exit. When you reboot, you should find yourself in the Avira Rescue System.
How To Scan Your Computer
Now that you've successfully created your rescue disc, it's time to clean out that infection. Once you've booted into the Rescue System, here's what you need to do:
- When you first boot up, Avira will ask you if you want to boot into the AntiVir Rescue System. To do so, type
1and press Enter. It will then go through the process of booting.
- When it's finished, you should be greeted with the screen at the right. You can browse around the Configuration if you want, but you should be fine with the default settings. Just go to the "Virus Scanner" tab and click "Start Scanner" in the bottom left-hand corner.
- As the scanner runs, it should repair any infected files it finds. When it's done, reboot your system and see if you can boot back into Windows. With any luck, Avira should have done its job and you'll at least be able to get back into your system.
If you're still having problems after running your rescue CD, you may need to take more drastic measures. However, if your rescue CD worked and you can boot your computer up correctly, you're almost home free. You should run your regular antivirus program to see if there's anything else left on your system, and clean up any malicious files it finds.
Once you get everything running properly, it's time to think about long term protection. After all, you don't want to have to do this again. Make sure you have a good antivirus program running at all times. While you're at it, you should set up a simple backup system so you never lose your important files to a virus or other disaster again.