It’s happened before, and with another American presidential election looming next year, it’s going to happen again and again. The spread of “fake news,” the incorrect labelling of real news as “fake,” and overall confusion as to how to tell the difference.
Here’s how they did it:
To create the index, we combined five major lists, then eliminated the sites that were no longer active. We only used lists that were public and curated by established journalists or academics, contained original data (rather than information from other lists), stated their criteria for inclusion and defined how they graded different sites (see our methodology for more).
There are more than 500 “UnNews” sites on the list in “phase one” of the index. The next phase will work to “automatically remove inactive sites, add sites by following URL redirects (which often lead to new fake news schemes) and harvest related domains,” the report says.
The list is searchable and the sites have tags that label them as biased, unreliable, conspiracy, satire or clickbait.