Ask LH: How Do I Get Rid Of DRM On My Ebooks And Videos?

Dear Lifehacker, I just heard about the woman whose Kindle ebooks were wiped when her account was suspended, and it got me thinking: Do I really own anything that I've bought with DRM? It seems like I could lose it at any time, or lose the ability to view something just because I switched devices. How can I get rid of the DRM so I can keep my own backups?

Sincerely, Sick of DRM

Title photo by Austin Parrish Thomas.

Dear SoD,

It's always a bit disheartening to hear about content getting changed or removed because of DRM. Combined with the news a few years ago that Amazon could wipe content it didn't have the licence for, DRM is increasingly an issue with further reaching implications than simply keeping you from pirating content. Wiping content is one issue — but DRM also usually locks the media to your device or service — which means you often can't transfer your library between different devices. With that in mind, let's first take a quick look at what you're actually buying when you buy DRM-tagged content before digging into how to remove DRM from videos and books.

What You're Buying When You Buy Digital Content

Just as a quick primer here, we should note what exactly it is you're purchasing when you buy digital content, and why this problem exists in the first place. When you purchase digital content, you're typically just buying a licence to use it. You do not "own" the books or media you purchase in traditional terms. For example, here are Amazon's Terms of Use (bolding ours):

Upon your download of Kindle Content and payment of any applicable fees (including applicable taxes), the Content Provider grants you a non-exclusive right to view, use, and display such Kindle Content an unlimited number of times, solely on the Kindle or a Reading Application or as otherwise permitted as part of the Service, solely on the number of Kindles or Supported Devices specified in the Kindle Store, and solely for your personal, non-commercial use. Kindle Content is licensed, not sold, to you by the Content Provider.

Most Terms of Use at other digital stores follow Amazon here, and they all also have something similar to this little caveat:

In addition, you may not bypass, modify, defeat, or circumvent security features that protect the Kindle Content.

So, just so you know, removing DRM from ebooks and videos is typically against the Terms of Use. Most services like Amazon allow you to store your books or video purchases in the cloud so you can download them again later. But they're always restricted to their apps, and that's a bummer.

How to Remove DRM from Ebooks (and Back Up Your Library Permanently)

The easiest way to strip DRM from Kindle books and other content is with the free ebook software Calibre, DRM removal plugins, and a copy of the Kindle desktop software (PC/Mac). Here's what you need to do:

  1. Download Calibre, the the plugins, and the Kindle Desktop software.
  2. Unzip the contents of the plugin directory.
  3. Open up Calibre and click on "Preferences".
  4. Navigate to "Plugins" under the "Advanced" section.
  5. Click "Load Plugin from file" and select K3MobiDeDRM_v04.5_plugin.zip from the directory you just unzipped.
  6. Load up the Kindle app on your Mac or Windows computer and download all your books from Amazon.
  7. Navigate to either C:\Users\[your username]\Documents\My Kindle Content on Windows or [your username]\My Documents\My Kindle Content on Mac.
  8. Your books aren't named in any meaningful way, so just drag all the *.azw files into Calibre.
  9. After a short wait (depending on the size of your library), Calibre will finish importing the books. Now you have a DRM-free backup of all your books on your computer.

It's a little convoluted, but once you get the hang of it, Calibre is a solid way to backup all your purchased ebooks.

How to Remove DRM from Movies and TV Shows

Movies are slightly easier to remove DRM from than ebooks, but the process isn't free. For this, we like Tunebite ($US25) on Windows, or Noteburner M4V Converter ($US50) on Mac. Both will cost you a little money, but removing DRM from video files downloaded from the likes of Amazon or iTunes is an incredibly simple process.

Alternately, you can record directly from your computer using a screen recording tool (any of these five will do). You will, of course, have to wait for the entire movie since it operates essentially like dubbing, but if you already use screen recording tools it's a free option for backing up your movies.

The Case for Abandoning DRM Content Completely

While it is possible to strip away all the DRM from the content you already own, it's even better to buy from sellers that don't use DRM in the first place. That's easier said than done, of course, as most major stores (iBooks, iTunes, Amazon) all use DRM for their content. Photo by Gavin Baker.

For books, crowdfunded efforts such as Story Bundle or Humble Ebook Bundle are great ways to get DRM-free books, but they're not the same as a store. Occasionally, you can also grab books directly from a publisher like Tor that come DRM-free or grab older books from Project Gutenberg.

The same goes for videos. Much like books, you have to go directly to a performer to get a DRM-free video. For instance, comedians Louis CK, Jim Gaffigan and Aziz Ansari both released their comedy shows free of DRM, but those types of instances are few and far between (occasionally smaller films, such as Indie Game: The Movie, will do it). However, if you really want to avoid DRM, it's still easier to buy a physical disc and rip it yourself — whether it's a DVD or Blu-ray disc. They still technically have DRM, but it's the easiest to bypass.

The fact is, while piracy is certainly an issue, so is user experience. You want to pay money for something knowing you'll be able to use it in the future regardless of what device you have in your hand, and DRM often makes that hard. Author Cory Doctorow describes this problem pretty bluntly as: "If you can't open it, you don't own it."

Worse, when you're locked into a certain store or hardware, you end up getting stuck on the upgrade treadmill because your content is locked to one type of device. Sure, Amazon's Kindle app exists across platforms, but if you buy from somewhere else, you all of a sudden have no books. Same if you buy movies from iTunes and switch away from the Apple TV. And there's always a (slight) chance any given service will stop providing support. Then you're really left in the lurch.

Cheers Lifehacker

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Comments

    I'm not sure this is responsible reporting. The article does note that all DRM-removal is against the terms of use, but attempts to argue that because the user feels entitled to have access in perpetuity (something not promised by any digital provider), it's okay to do this...

    I'm sure other morally-outraged self-entitled folks will disagree with me, but my opinion: if you don't agree with the terms, don't spend the money. You agreed to purchase digital content that was locked to a carrier - the exclusivitity and hardware upgrade treadmill incentives are reasons that costs are (mostly) kept nice and low for digital products.

      "the Content Provider grants you a non-exclusive right to view, use, and display such Kindle Content an unlimited number of times". Doesn't this statement kind of mean that the user should have access in perpetuity. If they cut off access to the content then the amount of times that the content can be download has been limited.

        I'm willing to bet there are caveats that apply. Like reserving the right to cut off access to users who violate the terms of the EULA.

        The problem is people expect the same rights with virtual products that they do with physical ones. But they're entirely separate concepts. Remember, you wouldn't download a car...

        Last edited 25/10/12 10:10 am

          See, I would be entirely happy with this situation - if the content pricing reflected it. There is no way in all the seven circles of hell, that I am going to pay a company more for a digital product that the physical one, or even the same price, in the knowledge that I am only renting it until they decide they don't want me to anymore.

          If its a temporary license, the price should reflect that. Otherwise, I'll find other ways to get it.

          That is a valid point. I also wouldn't pay $30,000 to rent a new car. If I am only renting the digital media and they reserve the right to take it away at their leisure I shouldn't have to pay the same price as a paper book.

          If I am buying the content rather than the item then I should have the same rights to the content regardless of medium.

    There's a far greater than slight chance that any given service will stop providing support, that's the whole stupid point!
    At any stage, without recourse or refund, a company can deny you access to the licences you have legally acquired because they have "linked your account" to something they deem unsavoury.
    Effectively you're double licenced... Your account owns licences to the media, and you own the licence to the account.

    The rights of the providers to enforce DRM arise from the concept of copyright.
    Even in our brave new world copyright will eventually expire and the works will move into the public domain.
    When this happens will the DRM expire? (rhetorical question)

      I disagree

      http://ripremix.com/

    http://xkcd.com/488/

    The download/install for Kindle doesn't work. Any suggestions?

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