Why Closing Your Eyes Can Help You Remember

Why Closing Your Eyes Can Help You Remember

When you try to remember something, chances are you look up and away or even close your eyes. This may seem arbitrary, but as cognitive scientist Art Markman explains in Psychology Today, shutting off your vision is actually very helpful when you’re trying to dig up information in your brain.

Photo by D. Sharon Pruitt.

So why is this the case? Your brain processes a lot of information and vision is a huge input. Deciphering everything you see can take up a lot of your mind’s processing power and so less complex information, like the sky or ceiling or the shade of your eyelids, means it’s more available for thought. This is especially significant when you’re attempting to recall visual memories. Markman explains:

If you clasp your hands behind your head, most of the area taken up by your hands reflects the amount of the brain that is devoted to making sense of the information coming in through your eyes. Those same areas of the brain are also involved in visual recollections of things that you have seen in the past. It makes sense that the brain would re-use areas devoted to vision to help in memory for visual information.

The same idea applies to other senses as well. If you’re trying to remember a sound or someone’s voice, complex noises can make the process more difficult. This is why, for example, you may have trouble writing when others are talking. If you hear a voice in your head as you type out a sentence, you’ll find difficulty hearing it when your brain is already parsing the existing speech around you. Basically, when you need to remember something, isolate the relevant sense. It’ll help you concentrate and find the information you’re looking for.

Why Do You Close Your Eyes to Remember? [Psychology Today


  • I categorically agree with this, and have assumed that visual recall works this way since uni 25 years ago. My preference, rather than closing my eyes, is to look at a blank piece of wall – the space above the board in a classroom tends to work for this – with my eyes open. “something interesting” seems to happen in terms of the use of (something) between my eyes and the place in my brain that holds the item I am trying to recall, that assists with recall. The oddest indicator of this is that sometimes if I am trying to recall a visual, actually squinting – yes, at a blank wall – seems to clarify it. My guess is that this activates some sort of “make sense of unclear visual image” overdrive in the brain, at least for me, which can be used for stored images as well as new input. This isn’t a one-off… I’ve repeated the same exercise multiple times when something just wasn’t coming to me, and it really does seem to improve the chance of successfully remembering whatever it was. I drove a few profs nuts with my squinting at the space above the board… Lol, they’d keep turning around to try to identify what I was looking at, and there was, of course, nothing there.

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