Over the past few weeks, Netflix has been cracking down on Australians that use virtual private networks (VPNs) to access the company's much larger US library. If you're one of the many customers who have been blocked, it's possible to build your own personal cloud VPN. Here are the steps you need to take, along with the legalities involved.
Netflix image from Shutterstock
Before we begin, it's worth noting that Netflix isn't really the bad guy here. Prior to its global rollout at the beginning of the year, Netflix has traditionally resisted pressure to implement geo-blocks on the grounds that it would inconvenience legitimate customers. Netflix is increasingly seeking global licenses for its content to avoid any geographic differences in its service, but most rights holders remain reluctant to relinquish the old model.
Last year, leaked documents from Sony Pictures revealed that the company demanded Netflix do more to stop VPN users from countries like Australia accessing their services. Prior to its official launch in Australia, Netflix was estimated to have had around 200,000 Australian subscribers, all using VPNs.
Are VPNs Illegal?
Yes and no. The problem with Australia's Copyright Amendment (Online Infringement) Bill 2015, is that it uses ambiguous language that is open to interpretation. In particular, it states that injunctions may be sought against online locations where “the primary purpose of the online location is to infringe, or to facilitate the infringement of, copyright”.
Organisations such as the Australian Communications Consumer Action Network, have interpreted this as potentially meaning that ISPs could be forced to block sites that provide VPN access to consumers. Unfortunately, the media has taken this one step further by suggesting that VPN technology itself could somehow be banned.
Confusing the technology of VPNs with sites that provide access to VPN servers has only fuelled speculation and concern about what media companies will or won’t be able to do.
The Australian Minister for Communications, Malcolm Turnbull, has stated that the use of VPN technology by Australians to circumvent geo-blocking in the US, is not illegal under the Copyright Act. However, this is somewhat at odds with the view of the Australian Copyright Council who state that they believe it is “likely” to be illegal. The reason for the ACC’s view is that they see geo-blocking as a form of copyright technological protection mechanism. If that was the case, then circumventing them with a VPN could be considered illegal under the terms of the Copyright Act.
The concern for many is that if the Australian Copyright Amendment (Online Infringement) Bill 2015 is passed as is, the courts will be left to determine whether VPN services indeed “facilitate the infringement of copyright”.
In short, the jury is still out on whether circumventing geo blocks with VPNs is illegal in Australia. The legalities may become clearer -- and more draconian -- in the future.
How To Build A Personal Cloud VPN
Possibly posing even more of a challenge to media companies wishing to shut down VPN use to circumvent geo-blocking is the ability of consumers to build their own personal cloud VPN service. This has become a real possibility thanks to cloud services from companies like Amazon, and open source software such as SoftEther VPN from the University of Tsukuba, Japan.
The first step involves creating a server on Amazon’s cloud service AWS. This can be done for free for a year although data costs will kick in past the first 15 GB. The server can be run in a number of different locations but for the purposes of accessing US services, one of three US locations can be chosen. Installing the SoftEther VPN software requires following relatively simple instructions but getting a neighbourhood techie to do it for you would be better. Once done, connecting to the VPN from a laptop is as easy as putting in the address of the server and entering the username and password created during the installation of the VPN software.
The whole process of setting up a personal VPN takes about 30 minutes (the time it took the author researching this article). This would be slightly longer if setting up accounts on Amazon for the first time. Setting up a VPN this way has the added advantage that it is very unlikely to be blocked by services like Netflix because they are only looking for known VPN service provider Internet addresses.
Hopefully one day, taking such steps will be unnecessary and media companies will move to operating on an equal global basis. Until that time however, there are means of levelling the playing field.
Addition reporting by Chris Jager
See Also: How To Build Your Own VPN With Hamachi
This article was originally published on The Conversation.