So you’ve spent a couple hundred dollars on a fancy, high-grade knife set, but you’ve started to notice your blades aren’t just cutting it anymore. Your chef knife has gone from cutting through veggies like they were hot butter to struggling to make it halfway through a tomato. It sounds like you need to give your blades a good sharpen.
Dull knife blades are unavoidable. However, not ruining your knife is avoidable. While a pull-through sharpener isn’t necessarily a bad choice, these devices usually have preset sharpening angles, so certain sharpeners are only designed to sharpen certain blades.
If you run a Japanese knife through a sharpener designed for a Western knife, you could be shaving off way more material than you want, due to a difference between the angle for the sharpener and knife. The sharpener itself also breakdown over time, so you also run the risk of busting your knife instead of fixing it.
So how do you keep your knives sharp? You use a whetstone.
What is a whetstone?
A whetstone is usually a rectangular stone block that is used to sharpen a blade’s edge. Depending on the stone’s “grit”, it can be used to restore a dull knife to its former sharpness, or help to put an even finer point on an already sharp blade. To do this, you’ll need to repeatedly run the blade’s edge across the stone’s surface.
Why does grit matter?
If you’ve looked at any whetstones, you’ve most likely seen one or two numbers listed alongside the sharpener, like 1,000 or 4,000. This is the stone’s grit size, which determines how abrasive the sharpening block’s surface is. The lower the grit, the coarser the stone and the more material you’ll take off when sharpening.
These are the three tiers of grit coarseness.
Coarse (Under 1,000)
If your knife’s blade is chipped or has completely lost its edge, this is what you use. Due to its coarseness, these whetstones will shave off a lot of material, so you’re best avoiding them as an everyday knife sharpener.
Medium (1,000 to 3,000)
A 1,000 grit whetstone is the most common sharpening stone you’ll come across. Depending on how regularly you sharpen your knives, you might be better off with something in the 2,000 to 3,000, so you can avoid shaving off too much from your blade.
Finishing (4,000 and above)
These stones aren’t used for refining the edge of your blade, to help you achieve some delicate, precision cuts. If the knife you’re sharpening is usually used for cutting meat, you’ll want a stone in the 4,000 to 6,000 range. If the knife is mainly used for chopping up fruit, veggies and/or seafood, use an 8,000 grit stone.
How to use a whetstone
For lubrication, you’ll need to pour some water over your whetstone before you start. You’re best keeping a glass of water nearby, so you can regularly wet the stone throughout the process.
Place the whetstone on a surface, like a tea towel, chopping board or rubber mat, to stop the stone from sliding while you’re using it. If you’re lucky, your whetstones may come with a non-slip base, which is always a nice bonus.
With one hand, you’ll need to angle the blade against the whetstone – usually, it’s 20-degrees for Western knives, 15-degrees for Japanese. If you’ve never used a whetstone before, you can buy a guide that’ll help you maintain the correct sharpening angle throughout the process.
With your other hand, you’ll need to apply some pressure to the blade and then work the entire knife across the stone, from tip to base. You’ll need to do this a couple of times, depending on how dull your knife is. You’ll do this for one side of the knife, which will develop a burr. You’ll need to flip it over and repeat the process on the other side until the burr is gone.
The sound of the blade running against the whetstone should be consistent throughout. If it isn’t, that means you aren’t sharpening it consistently.
Once you’re done, be sure to rinse your blade and whetstone to wash away any remaining metal particles. Let the stone naturally dry out before packing it away.
Where should you start?
The good news is that most whetstones are double-sided, so it’s very easy to find one with both a medium and finishing surface.
Sharp Pebble’s premium sharpening stone ($44.90) includes a double-side whetstone with 3,000 and 8,000 grit. It also includes a flattening stone, which you can use to level out your whetstone after it develops a bit of a groove from being used.
Sharp Pebble also offer a double-sided whetstone ($35.99) with a grit of 1,000 and 6,000. It also comes with a guide that will help you maintain a consistent, correct angle when sharpening your knife.
If you think you’ll also need a coarse stone, Zhenzhen’s sharpening stone set ($52.99) includes two double-sided whetstones – one with a grit of 400 and 1,000, and another with a grit of 2,000 / 5,000.