Are You Using The Right Ethernet Cable Speed? [Infographic]

Cat5 vs. Cat5e vs. Cat6

Ethernet cables are the lifeblood of any wired internet network. While they all look very similar on the outside, these cables can potentially affect the speed of your home network depending on which type you're using.

This infographic breaks down the key differences between Cat5, Cat5e and Cat6 ethernet cables - including how much you can expect to pay for them in Australia.

Cat5, Cat5e and Cat6 cables are standardised cables used for Ethernet. Each standard is backwards compatible with older Ethernet cabling technology but differ in terms of data performance.

The infographic below comes from the Canadian voice and data communication system provider Network Telecom. It shows the data performance, frequency and maximum speed data for each cable type, plus the average cost per metre in Australia.

Remember, you’ll need more than just cables — gigabit speeds also require a gigabit-compatible router and gigabit-capable network cards in your computers. For a more detailed overview of Ethernet cable types, click here.

There's also Cat7 and Cat8 Ethernet cables, which support bandwidth up to 2000MHz through RJ45 conectors. Here's how all the different categories compare:

[Via Network Telecom]

This story has been updated since its original publication.


Comments

    What's the easiest way to visually tell the difference between the cables?

      On the plastic outer casing it will be written what kind of cable it is. Without that you would need to cut open the cable.

        Annoyingly not all of them have the type written on the outside.

    1000baseTX works just fine over cat5 - that list is just outright incorrect. The wire-performance needed to hit gigabit is almost the same as that required for 100mbit (100mhz (125mhz after the 8b/10b coding)). 5gbit is the first standard that requires cat6 cabling.

      The list does say cat5e can do 1gb if you read it. But unlike cat6 it can do it over 100metres which is where the standard is taken from it can only do it over 55m (from memory)

    What you're saying is technically true, but the list does state that the maximum data speed of Cat5e is 1 gigabit. And just because something can be done doesn't mean it should be. The runs I've seen that have much interference, or approach that 100 meter mark just won't really support gigabit speeds on Cat5e cable. Cat6 never has that issue, regardless. Maybe our experiences vary. Cat5e is rated for 100Mbps, and will do 1Gbps under the right conditions. Cat6 will do 1Gbps normally, and 10Gbps if the run length is short enough. What I've experienced personally pretty well matches the graphic.

    It is value noting that each Cat5 vs Cat6 cables utilize the identical finish piece, i.e. they'll “plug in” to the identical ports. The variations between every one of those cables are in their capabilities, further because the strategies and materials want to produce them. The “end” that everyone the cables have in common is understood as RJ-45, and it's capable of plugging into any LAN jack on a laptop, router, or another similar device. No one within the trade expects this to alter anytime presently.cat5e plenum

      you mean like auto-sensing yeah? there are different pin-out standards A, B, etc and i was told that it doesn't really matter which one you choose as long as you're consistent throughout the building/project.

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