Labor Vs The Coaltion: How Do Their NBN Policies Differ?

As hinted in earlier announcements by Shadow Communications Minister, Jason Clare, Labor’s much-anticipated policy for the National Broadband Network released Monday commits the party – if elected – to move away from the Coalition’s fibre to the node (FTTN) network and transition back to a roll-out of fibre to the premises (FTTP). This was the central pillar of Labor’s original NBN. So how does this compare with the Coalition's version of the NBN? Let's have a look.

Rod Tucker is a Laureate Emeritus Professor at the University of Melbourne

The FTTN roll-out will be phased out as soon as current design and construction contracts are completed.

This is a major shift away from the Coalition’s focus on FTTN technologies, which was a key part of their election platform in 2013. After a number of delays, FTTN equipment is now being rolled out around Australia.

Labor will continue with the Coalition’s plans to deliver NBN services on upgraded versions of Telstra and Optus’ hybrid fibre coax (HFC) infrastructure. No doubt Labor would like to move away from HFC, but the contracts for the HFC network are already signed, and it is probably too late to remove HFC from the NBN.

Apart from a commitment to deliver FTTP rather than satellite services to western Tasmania, there are no significant changes to the fixed wireless and satellite parts of the network.

Labor forecasts that its revamped NBN will be completed by June 2022, with FTTP being available to 2 million more homes and businesses than would have been the case under the Coalition’s current plans. At the completion of Labor’s NBN rollout, approximately 39% or around 5 million homes and businesses will have access to FTTP, compared to 20%, or 2.5 million, under the Coalition.

A 39% FTTP coverage is considerably less than the 93% target in Labor’s original NBN plan. But in a significant longer-term policy initiative, Labor has promised to commission Infrastructure Australia to develop a plan to upgrade the 2.5 million premises served by FTTN to FTTP. This will mean that all fixed-line connections in Australia will eventually be either FTTP or HFC.

Labor’s new policy recognises the possibility that new fibre-to-the-distribution-point (FTTdP) technologies might become attractive in the future, but has reserved judgement on FTTdP until the technology is more mature. NBN Co is already looking at this technology.

Significantly, FTTdP is compatible with FTTP and offers a straightforward upgrade path to FTTP.

Can NBN Co deliver Labor’s new network?

Labor has pointed out that NBN Co has an in-house FTTP design and construction capability as well as the IT systems necessary to manage FTTP. In addition, legal agreements in place with Telstra to provide access to Telstra’s ducts and pits.

In fact, in recent months, NBN Co has been rolling out FTTP (including fibre to the basement in multi-dwelling units) at a rate of about 10,000 premises per week. This has been underway at a time when NBN Co has been focusing on ramping up its FTTN and HFC rollout.

With a shift away from FTTN construction, and a shift of resources to FTTP design and installation, it is entirely feasible that NBN Co could double the rollout rate to around 20,000 premises per week. This would be more than enough to serve the 5 million premises targeted over the five-year time-frame of Labor’s roll-out plan.

Are Labor’s costings sound?

Labor has not published a detailed budget for its NBN plan. But the total estimated cost ($49 billion to $57 billion compared to the Coalition’s budget of $46 billion to $56 billion) appears to be plausible.

There are a few key factors that support this:

  • The cost of installing FTTP has decreased significantly over recent years, aided by new efficient construction techniques and new fibre cables with smaller diameter.
  • The ongoing operational expenditure needed to keep an FTTP running is considerably lower than for FTTN.
  • FTTP will remove the need to be repair and maintain Telstra’s ageing copper network, a cost that NBN Co currently bears.
  • As the demand for higher-speed services over FTTP grows, NBN Co will receive higher revenues from its FTTP network than its FTTN network. Labor claims this will increase the rate of return on the NBN investment from 2.7% under the Coalition to 3.9% under Labor.

What will be the impact of Labor’s policy?

Many critics have highlighted the severe limitations of the Coalition’s slow-speed FTTN network and its relative inability to drive digital innovation.

The pace of FTTP roll-outs around the globe is increasing as other countries recognise the critical importance of super-fast broadband to economic growth.

AT&T, a major United States telco has essentially stopped constructing FTTN networks, and has announced a major increase in FTTP deployments in response to customer demands for higher speed.

In Australia, the Coalition’s FTTN exacerbates the “digital divide”, the gap between broadband haves and have-nots. Here’s how.

  • Those homes and businesses lucky enough to be served by FTTP can access very-high-speed internet now and even higher speeds in the future. Meanwhile, those premises stuck with FTTN will struggle with lower speeds and find that their connection is obsolete within a few years.
  • For those customers with FTTN connections, the speed of their service will be affected by their distance from the node. The greater the distance, the lower the speed.
  • The Coalition’s technology choice program enables FTTN customers to pay for an upgrade to FTTP, but at a cost depending on the distance from the node. A business that needs FTTP and is some distance from the node may have to pay $5,000 or more for an upgrade, while another business close to the node would pay considerably less.

The NBN has been a key issue in the past two elections, so will Labor’s new policy be a vote winner? The policy to move back to FTTP provides a clear differentiation from the Coalition’s FTTN-centric strategy.

Many Australians recognise the importance of super-fast broadband as a driver of innovation in the digital economy, and will no doubt think of this on July 2.

This article was originally published on The Conversation. The Conversation


Comments

    For attempting to undo some of the shocking damage done by Abbott, Turnbull and Morrow, Labor gets my vote.

    Unfortunately, the money wasted on endless reviews by trusted Coalition cronies with predicable pre-determined outcomes, cannot be recovered. Nor can the time and money squandered on sub-standard, obsolete FTTN technology be recovered.

    To put it bluntly, FTTN is a technically inferior product riddled with inherent and basic design faults. As an inferior garbage in garbage out product, It should have never been allowed to see the light of the day.

    It is not a product that will be useful in the twenty first century interweb of all things.

    It is a product that would never live up to it's LNP Turnbull political propaganda hyped up user connectivity speeds outside the inherent designed peak hour congestion periods.. The technical issue costs to make this product usable will make FTTP look cheap in comparison.

    The principle problem is all politicians, irrespective of party affiliation without exception make an endless stream of mythical promises to get elected as a member of parliament period. There are no exceptions to this rule, that is the nature of the beast. The classic example of I will do anything, is the current LP(UAP 1943 dressed in an ARMANI suit) candidate for the seat of Indi(Wangaratta Victoria)..

    How ever once these political wankers of either major party are elected. The story now becomes 99.5% of these mythical promises are fed straight to the office shredder as to hard to do in the real world. Until the next election cycle falls due, thus the fictional promises start again. The excuses from these major party affiliated political wankers range are uniform in nature. From never enough money in the last budget! To a string of continuous lies of don't blame us, blame the previous wankers now in opposition.

    In party politics, the only time you can tell that a politician is telling the truth, is when their lips stop moving.

    Thus a cynic would always say "Seeing is Believing".

    Rod Tucker looks remarkably like Spandas...

      It's her nom de plume. we've discovered her secret :P

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