What’s The Difference Between JPEG, PNG and GIF Image Formats?

What’s The Difference Between JPEG, PNG and GIF Image Formats?

We all know what that a JPEG is an image file and a GIF is mainly used for animations but how much do we know about what the difference between the range of image formats that are in use today? Here’s a cheat sheet can help us learn more about this topic.

This image format mega cheat sheet breaks down the different attributes of JPEG, PNG, GIF, TIFF and BMP. Why do you need to know this? Because different formats lend themselves better for different uses.

Here’s the infographic from MakeAWebsiteHub.com that compares the image formats:


  • I think JPEG2000 image compression format deserves a mention. It is not widely used, but it basically ticks all the boxes in the chart and has other features that are not available in any of these formats, such as resolution scalability (you can decode parts of the compressed image file to get a smaller version of the image — no need to decode the whole file), quality scalability (you can decode part of the file to get a lower quality of the image), spatial accessibility (you can extract and decode the regions of interest to you out of very high-resolution images), support for encryption, among other features.

  • The infographic is a text image with simple flat areas of colours. Seems best suited for .png according to itself, yet it’s a jpeg, go figure.

  • Whether compressed or not, TIFFS do not lose any image data.
    TIFF Compression Types: JPEG – Lossy compression…
    Well that’s not right… 😐

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