How To Survive Magpie Swooping Season

September is the peak of Australia's own version of "home-grown terrorism" (as memorably described to me by a distraught and bleeding school principal, valiantly attempting to protect his pupils), when a small but conspicuous proportion of magpies throughout the country begin to attack otherwise innocent passersby. It is certainly the most significant human-wildlife conflict in the towns and cities of this country. Here are some tips on how to survive.

Photo: Amber & Billows

Every year, many thousands of people are swooped, some are slightly injured and a few seriously (especially cyclists) — and a very small number may lose an eye.

It's commonplace for some of us to recall the blur of wings and the click of that beak with a strange level of nostalgia, but it is sobering to appreciate that some of these attacks cause real damage and trauma. So what is going on with these otherwise favourite Aussie icons?

What's their problem?

Explanations for this all-too familiar behaviour are legion, with passionate advocates for more plausible theories such as:

  • territoriality — they are trying to keep us out of their patch
  • testosterone poisoning — they are so pumped with male juice they can't help themselves
  • colour trigger — they just hate orange/yellow/purple.

While there is a lot we don't yet know about this phenomena, all of the research conducted to date points clearly to the protective parent hypothesis.

Male magpies are adapted to drive away potential predators, and are especially when the chicks are vulnerable nestlings. For some reason, certain males (around 10 per cent of breeding pairs) have come to view humans as serious threats to their chicks and act according.

While these avian assessments seems to be false (most victims are unlikely to have eaten a baby magpie!), the resulting swoops and attacks seem to be an attempt to drive intruders away from the nest tree.

Furthermore, when we flee from the onslaught, the bird's main objective — moving a dangerous predator on — is successful and the behaviour rewarded.

Having proved to himself his proficiency at the task means he is all the more likely to try again next time. And when especially dim-witted humans — by continuing toward the nest — don't seem to get the hint, the intensity of the message can become more and more pronounced.

One of the numerous unexpected findings of research I've been a part of was the extent to which those magpies that are aggressive specialise on particular groups of people. For example, in a Brisbane study, the birds targeted either pedestrians only (about 50 per cent), posties only (10 per cent) or cyclists only (10 per cent) with remarkably few being less catholic in their preferences.

Of course, some were entirely non-discriminating and maniacally swooped any vaguely human intruder regardless of mode of transport.

Thankfully these extreme birds are relatively rare but account for the majority of the seriously dangerous. Typically, we found that such birds were almost always associated with locations with a lot of people: schoolyards, car parks, or busy park lands.

Perhaps most surprisingly, a clear majority of pedestrian-specialists actually targeted a very small number of specific individuals, typically just one or two people. If you think that these bloody birds are picking on you specifically, you are probably right!

Given that most adult magpies, once they settle down with a mate, almost never leave their territory, it is highly likely that they know and recognise all the people that they share this space with (an ability well established among close relatives).

How can we discourage attacks?

Being so common and virtually ubiquitous in Australia, this phenomenon has lead to the development of lots of counter-measures including:

  • the traditional eyes on the back of the hat (or ice cream container)
  • the waving of a stick
  • festooning ones bike helmet with a forest of spikes or rear-facing eyes, as demonstrated (unsuccessfully!) in the video below.

Such tactics can be roughly placed into one of three categories:

  1. attempts to change the magpies' behaviour
  2. protection of the head
  3. avoiding the "attack zone".

The success of these categories can be equally roughly evaluated as "futile", "well worth trying" and "sensibly obvious", respectively.

Starting with the clearest approach, knowing that most magpies limit their attacks to an area surrounding the nest tree (though some cyclist-specialists can carry on for quite away), simply avoiding known hot-spots is certainly the best bet.

The old eyes-facing-backwards scheme is actually based on a sound behavioural concept: most magpies do attack from behind and are unlikely to do so if they think that they are being watched.

Unfortunately, most of our attempts to test this traditional approach failed; the birds appeared not to notice the eyes, or attacked from the side instead.

Likewise, the sharp-looking helmet protrudences are a hopeful deterrent to the oncoming bird, suggesting an uncomfortable outcome should contact be made. Otherwise, any method that may negate contact with the head is worth trying: sticks, hats, helmets and umbrellas.

Finally, an unconventional — and controversial — approach should be mentioned, simply because, in the right circumstances, it really does work.

Where it is possible for an aggressive magpie to know people as individuals, providing small food snacks (cat food) in an obvious way such that the bird can associate the treats with the person often lead to complete cessation of hostilities.

Yes, I know that such behaviour will lead directly to disease, dependence and end of civilisation, but sometimes pragmatism wins. Have a safe spring.

This article has been revised and updated since its original publication date.

Darryl Jones is Deputy Director of the Environmental Futures Centre at Griffith University. He receives funding from Brisbane City Council, the Queensland State Government and the Australian Research Council.

This article was originally published at The Conversation.


    When a magpie swoops me I find its nest and destroy it.... If I keep doing it then that 10% strain will die out...

    That and revenge !!!

    Every year people are blinded by magpies, generally children who look over their shoulders as they are attacked.

    The best defence is cable ties attached to helmets.

    Just be thankful that only around 5% of magpies attack humans otherwise the carnage inflicted in Hitchcock's "The Birds" would look pretty lame in comparison.

    I've heard they are really good at remembering and recognising faces. And if you feed them in the off season they don't swoop you when it's magpie season ...

    Just make sure they have a bad regular season then they won't show up in September... oh wait the animal not the footy team yeah i just send my cat after them, I am more scared of those Masked Lapwings in Tassie they are ferocious things that have swooped me on more than 10 occasions.

    Check out our new Kickstarter project, new helmet brim to help during the next magpie season
    Swoop Away is an Australian designed brim specifically for use with bicycle
    & activity helmets.
    It protects & shields against swooping bird attacks & the harsh Australian sun.

    Open your eyes you pinheads dont get the magpies and other birds ticked off at you for being careless

    Magpies attack Helmets, cause they Helmets freak them out.

    They don't like them being on peoples heads, cause they cant see the top of your head... its not the eyes its your whole head. The helmets freak them out and will endure them to attack you longer and further outside their territory.

    This may sound stupid but it works, cover your helmet with a wig or faux fur (sometimes fabric works too). I can't find the video now (at work) but there is a group who tested this and they ended up with either taking off the helmet or a novelty afro wig from a $2 shop stopped a magpie from swooping.

    Not sure if this is generations of them attacking cyclists, or the unnatural look a helmet presents, BUT THEY REALLY HATE HELMETS. You will see them in videos going straight for the helmet. Everytime!

      They might hate helmets, but it doesn't stop them from swooping runners or walkers. Jump on and you'll see just as many 'swooped while walking' as there is 'swooped while cycling'

      I do tend to agree that the birds will chase a cyclist for longer than a pedestrian but I don't think they really discriminate helmet or no helmet.

    it is highly likely that they know and recognise all the people that they share this space with (an ability well established among close relatives).
    Which "close relatives" are these, I wonder? I suspect Darryl's referring to Northern hemisphere magpies, which aren't at all closely related...

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