We’ve all seen news stories that claim a “new study” has come out that shows some freshly-discovered factor causes or prevents cancer. In case you needed a reminder not to trust just one study, this chart demonstrates the spectrum that single studies can fall on.
As news site Vox explains, science is a complicated, often contradictory discipline. Individual studies don’t exist in a vacuum, and they can often have biases or flaws that render their findings less than accurate.
To illustrate the point, Vox put together the below chart that shows how, if you go by single studies, virtually everything you eat both causes and prevents cancer. It’s a helpful reminder that, while scientific research can be very beneficial to our lives, you have to view studies through the lens of the scientific process as a whole to truly understand what these findings mean.