How To Decide If You Can Live Without A Car

How to Decide If You Can Live Without a Car

Cars are a way of life in Australia (and around the world). While most of us enjoy the freedom they offer, their costs can be a burden on your budget. Not everyone can live without that red mark in the ledger, but we'll help you find out if you might be a candidate.

Photos by RJ Schmidt, TheTruthAbout and Salim Virji

The necessity of owning a car is highly subjective. In some areas, it's not possible to get by without a car, as everything is a long way away and alternatives are lacking. In other places, everything you need is right down the street and there are realistic alternatives to owning a car. Here are some reasons to consider that.

The High Costs Of Owning A Car

How to Decide If You Can Live Without a Car

Cars are a convenient form of transport -- but that convenience comes at a price. Here are some of the areas where owning a car costs you:

  • Down payment/up front cost: Even if you don't buy your car outright, you're probably dropping at least a few thousand dollars immediately. If you're financing a car, that few thousand dollars is just the beginning.
  • Loan interest: The longer the term of your loan, the more you'll pay in interest. It may not seem like much, but depending on how much your loan is for, as well as the length of the loan, you could end up paying thousands more on top of the cost of your car.
  • Maintenance and repairs: Basic maintenance like oil changes, tyre rotations and replacements will cost you a couple hundred dollars a year at minimum. If you have an older car that requires any major repairs, that number skyrockets, especially when it comes to making your vehicle roadworthy for registration.
  • Petrol: Not only is petrol one of the most regular expenses that you pay when you own a car, it's also one of the hardest to predict. While the ACCC is investigating whether service stations have illegally colluded in setting prices, there's no change likely in the short term.
  • Insurance: You can't escape paying compulsory third-party insurance (to protect against you injuring others). Realistically, it doesn't make sense to own a car and not insure it comprehensively, given the size of the investment. This is expensive, especially if you're under 25.

It's easy to see why not owning a car would be an attractive proposition. Necessary or not, owning a vehicle is perhaps the second-biggest money pit in most people's lives, behind the home you own or rent. Reducing those costs sure would be nice.

Alternatives To Owning A Car

So, let's walk through a hypothetical scenario where you don't own a car. What are your options? Keeping in mind, you don't have to limit yourself to just one of these -- you just need to know which ones work in any given situation.

Public Transport

How to Decide If You Can Live Without a Car

In Australian capital cities, you'll generally have a choice of public transport methods: rail, bus, ferries and trams. Outside the capitals, there are bus options in larger cities, but these are often limited. Even in major locations, public transport is rarely distributed equally -- inner-city areas are often spoiled for choice, while newer outer suburbs have fewer choices. Living in an area with good public transport options may well mean you pay more in rent (or on your mortgage).

If you can access public transport, the savings can be significant. In Sydney, for instance, the most you'll pay for public transport is $61 a week. There's no way you can own and operate a car for that amount of money.

When It's Useful

  • Daily Commutes: If you have to make more than a half dozen trips to and from work every day (as most do), public transport should probably be the first option you look for.
  • Travelling Light: If it's not something you can carry on your back or roll behind you, you'll have a hard time bringing any cargo with you on public transport. There's not typically much in the way of storage space here.

Car Sharing Services

How to Decide If You Can Live Without a Car

While car sharing is still a relatively new concept, it is growing in popularity in Australia. If a share car is available in your area, you pay a fee to use the car (based on time and distance), then return it to a dedicated car space. The biggest local operator is GoGet, which operates in Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane and Adelaide. Other options include GreenShareCar, Hertz 24/7 and Flexicar.

There are some downsides. For starters, you have to reserve a specific timeframe, beginning and end. If you need more time in your car, you'll need to extend a reservation, assuming someone else hasn't booked the time.

Another downside is coverage area. If there's no service near you, you're generally out of luck. You can drive it anywhere (within your reservation period, of course), but the starting point is your biggest leash.

When It's Useful

  • Scheduled appointments: You work from home, but you have semi-regular medical appointments. Since you know these ahead of time (and, presumably, how long you'll be gone), care sharing is a solid choice.
  • Transporting large amounts of stuff: You may be able to send the kids to school on the bus and take public transport to work, but when it comes time to take the kids to soccer, you'll need boot space. If car sharing is accessible around you, using it to move your gear can be helpful.

Taxis And Uber

How to Decide If You Can Live Without a Car

Taxis are an option in all but the smallest towns, but they're a relatively expensive way to get around. The arrival of alternatives such as Uber hasn't yet dramatically changed the pricing (and their legal status continues to be challenged by the taxi industry), but has improved service -- if they're active in your city.

When It's Useful

  • Social nights out: When you and your four best friends go out for a night on the town, you probably have no idea when you're coming home. Taking a taxi means you don't need to worry (and you can drink if you choose to).
  • Residential or suburban travel: If you're a stay at home dad and just need to get to the grocery store once or twice a week, taking a taxi can still come out cheaper than owning a car.

Bicycles And Walking

How to Decide If You Can Live Without a Car

Everyone knows that walking is an option -- but very few people seem to use it regularly. Unless you live in New York City, however, chances are most people don't walk everywhere. Bicycles extend the range a little bit, but you're still often limited by what's around you.

One alternative that starts to get pricier is an electric bicycle. Some models can give you longer range by providing their own motion (as opposed to pedalling) using a small battery. Others will simply take the edge off tasks like riding uphill. It may not sound like much, but it goes a long way towards extending the range you can reach on a bicycle. You can check out sites like Electric Bike for reviews on specific models that meet your needs.

When They're Useful

  • Travelling nearby: Some cities are more spread out than others, but you can get a long way with an hour or two's walking, and even further if you ride a bicycle. Weather conditions, as well as physical ability affect how well this works (you probably can't bike to work in the summer if you have to wear a suit), but for some journeys, it's a viable option.
  • Low- or no-cost travel: Aside from the initial bicycle investment, travelling is more or less free. And your legs cost nothing. They're not the most flexible options, and you can't go massive distances, but if you're seriously considering giving up your car, it helps to know where you can get to with just the legs (and...wheels?) nature gave you.

Three Steps To Decide

Deciding whether or not you can live without a car is a pretty subjective thing and it often seems that it comes down to "Do you live in the city?" Here's a process you can use to assess the costs:

  1. Identify your top three car costs per year, add $500, then divide by 12: Usually, the top three car costs you'll have are loan payments, insurance and registration, and petrol. If your car's paid off but requires a lot of repairs, substitute that figure for your loan payment. In either case, add $500 for incidentals or accidents.
  2. "Spend" money on each service for one month: Before you give up your car, monitor where you travel every day for a month. Find out what option listed above that you might have used instead and add that cost to a monthly "budget."
  3. Compare both budgets when you're done: So, you found out that you would use public transport for your workday commute and you would have had to call a taxi six times. If you could pay for those services with the total you got from step 1, it might be worth reconsidering the vehicle.

Ultimately, not everyone can give up their vehicle. That's OK. However, owning a car is also a very expensive prospect that we're conditioned to believe is an essential part of life. Bear in mind that humans have survived for millennia without having cars. Take a look at the options available to you and give yourself some time to compare. If you can manage it, the savings can potentially be enormous.

Lifehacker's Loaded column looks at better ways to manage (and stop worrying about) your money.


Comments

    Also you need to look at the time it takes to get from point A to point B.

      A massive point! If I drive to work it takes 10-15mins and I use about $20-$25 of fuel per week. If I use public transport it balloons up to over an hour trip and its $10 each way. I will stick to driving thanks!

        We live about 2-3KM from work, and its almost as quick for us to walk than it is to drive.

        I usually cycle now, which takes half the time of driving.
        We still have the car for weekends and stuff.

        The saving in parking and fuel each month is almost a weeks rent.

        Last edited 31/10/14 11:22 am

          Another valid point and I would be happy to ride to work if it was a viable option. I could do it but I would fear death with each ride LMAO the only reason my drive so quick is I jump on and off the M1 motorway, without it then I'm looking at a 30+ minute drive easy!

      There's also another question, that can be asked, when making this decision. How much time do you have to work, to earn the money, it takes to cover cost of car ownership, compared to the cost of and time of using public transport or to ride a bicycle to get from point A to point B?

      I live about 20 km (12miles) from my cities CBD. It takes me 50 minutes to cover that distance on my road bike and 1 hour on my utility bike. We're fortunate to have excellent bike infrastructure, most of the way. Even if you take into account an end of ride freshen-up, bicycling in takes an all up time of about 1 hour 10 minutes.

      In non peak that trip takes about 30 minutes in a car. During peak periods it will take at least an hour. Then once you arrive in the city, in both cases, you have to look for parking. The cost of parking in the city is about A$10.00/hour. So, nearly 1/2 of every hour I work would go to pay the parking fees alone.

      Public Transport involves catching a bus to the station and the train trip into the CBD. Bus and train timetables are co-ordinated, so there is minimal delays between the 2. If we include a 10 minute walk at either end of the journey it will take about the same amount of time as a bike, but costs about A$5.00 each way.

      So just going by those scenarios alone, it is almost prohibitive to drive a car to work in the city, each day. Bicycling has the added advantage that it does away with the want of a gym membership and the few hours each week, that are needed, to make a gym membership viable.

    I hate cars but in this country especially they seem to be a necessary money incinerator as public transport is so woeful.

    Also assess the merits of buying a motorbike/scooter. Depending on your state laws you can lane filter through traffic jams, pay $10 in petrol per week and get free parking anywhere. One of the best decisions I ever made.

    My wife and I have lived car free for 3 years now with the savings allowing us to travel once a year to Europe/Asia/North America. My total cost of car ownership was around $1100 per month(lease, petrol, insurance, repairs), Goget has cut this to $150-$300 a month depending on usage which I can recoup by renting my now vacant carspace out. So the net outlay is zero or negative a month.

    I would only suggest that this is viable for those who are in a similar position to us

    1. Live in the inner city, close to lots of car share pods & good public transport
    2. Travel by public transport or bike to/from work
    3. Not have interests etc that require you to drive long distances

    Uber has helped reduce the cost of going out where traditionally I have taken cabs, I am substituting UberX if they are available. If we need a car to get out of the city I get Goget or Bayswater depending on the length of time I need it.

    It isn't for everyone, but for those lucky to live in the inner city, this can make a substantial difference to your finances. Plus you never have to wash the damn thing ever again!

    This goes beyond the simple economics. My job requires me to be on-call from home after-hours. And when recalled, there is usually a need to be there asap.

    While I could get to work by public transport during daytime/evenings (although with significant hassle) this doesn't help at 4am. Taxis are another option, but aren't reliable or immediately available at any time. Cycling is another possibility, but takes upwards of an hour ... not to mention the delays at the other end showering/changing/etc ... making the point of being on-call moot.

    So, whether I like it or not ... the car is the only viable option ... at least until teleporters become cheap and plentiful.

    Last edited 31/10/14 2:33 pm

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