When you're young, the world is your oyster and opportunities seem endless, but there can be a lot of pressure to decide on a life path. How do you know what career to pursue and what to do with your future?
This post originally appeared on Zen Habits.
I recently had a 15-year-old write to me, and ask about figuring out what to do with her life:
"As a high-school student I'm constantly being reminded to figure out what to do with my life, what career I would like to have and so on. I definitely feel huge amounts of pressure when my teachers and parents tell me to figure out something now. I'm young and I don't want to make a mistake and ruin my future. I know what I like and what my interests are but when I read about a job related to those interests I always feel as if I wouldn't enjoy it and I don't know why."
What an extremely tough thing to figure out: what to do with your future! Now, I can't really know exactly what this young woman should do, but I can share what I've learned looking back on my life, and what I would tell my kids (the oldest is 21 and still figuring things out, but I also have 17- and 16-year-old boys and a 14-year-old girl). Here's what I'd say.
You Can't Figure Out the Future
Even young people who have a plan (to be a doctor, lawyer, research scientist, singer) don't really know what will happen. If they have any certainty at all, they're a bit deluded. Life doesn't go according to plan, and while a few people might do exactly what they set out to do, you never know if you're one of those. Other things come along to change you, to change your opportunities, to change the world. The jobs of working at Google, Amazon, or Twitter, for example, didn't exist when I was a teenager. Neither did the job of Zen Habits blogger.
So if you can't figure out the future, what do you do? Don't focus on the future. Focus on what you can do right now that will be good no matter what the future brings. Make stuff. Build stuff. Learn skills. Go on adventures. Make friends. These things will help in any future.
Learn to Be Good with Discomfort
One of the most important skills you can develop is being ok with some discomfort. The best things in life are often hard, and if you shy away from difficulty and discomfort, you'll miss out. You'll live a life of safety.
Learning is hard. Building something great is hard. Writing a book is hard. A marriage is hard. Running an ultra-marathon is hard. All are amazing.
If you get good at being accustomed to a little discomfort, you can do anything. You can start a business, which you couldn't if you're afraid of discomfort, because starting a business is hard and uncomfortable.
How do you get good at this? Do things now that are uncomfortable and hard, on purpose. But start with small doses. Try exercising for a little bit, even if it's hard, but just start with a few minutes of it, and increase a minute every few days or so. Try writing a blog or meditating every day. When you find yourself avoiding discomfort, push yourself just a little bit more (within limits of reason and safety of course).
Learn to Be Good with Uncertainty
A related skill is thriving in uncertainty. Starting a business, for example, is an amazing thing to do, but if you're afraid of uncertainty, you'll skip it. You can't know how things will turn out, and so if you need to know how things will turn out, you'll avoid great projects, businesses, opportunities.
But if you can be ok with not knowing, you'll be open to many more possibilities. I've written previously about becoming more comfortable with uncertainty.
If you're good at discomfort and uncertainty, you could do all kinds of things: travel the world and live cheaply while blogging about it, write a book, start a business, live in a foreign country and teach English, learn to program and create your own software, take a job with a startup, create an online magazine with other good young writers, and much more. All of those would be awesome, but you have to be ok with discomfort and uncertainty.
If any opportunities like these come along, you'll be ready if you've practiced these skills.
Overcome Distraction and Procrastination
All of this is useless if you can't overcome the universal problems of distraction and procrastination. You might seize an opportunity because you're good at uncertainty and discomfort, but then not make the most of it because you're too busy on social media and watching TV.
Actually, distraction and procrastination are just ways of avoiding discomfort, so if you get good at discomfort you're way ahead of most people. But there are some things you can practice and ways to beat procrastination.
Learn More about Your Mind
Most people don't realise that fear controls them. They don't notice when they run to distraction, or rationalize doing things they told themselves they wouldn't do. It's hard to change mental habits because you don't always see what's going on in your head.
Learn about how your mind works, and you'll be much better at all of this. For me, the best ways are meditation and blogging. With meditation (read how to do it) you watch your mind jumping around, running from discomfort, rationalizing. With blogging, you are forced to reflect on what you've been doing in life and what you've learned from it. It's a great tool for self-growth, and I recommend it to every young person.
Do Paid Work and Save Money
I don't think money is that important, but making money is difficult. You have to make someone believe in you enough to hire you or buy your products/service, which means you have to figure out why you're worthy of someone believing in you. You have to become worthy. And you have to learn to communicate that to people so they will want to buy or hire you. Whether you're selling cookies door-to-door or an app in the Apple store or trying to get a job as a cashier, you have to do this.
And you get better with practice.
I worked as a clerk at a bank and then a freelance sports writer when I was in high school, and those were valuable experiences for me. And if you can make enough, save an emergency fund, then start investing your earnings in an index fund and watch it grow over your lifetime.
Build Something, Even If It's Small
Most people fritter their time away on things that don't matter, like TV, video games, social media, and reading the news. A year of that and you have nothing to show for it. But if you did a sketch every day, or started writing a web app, or created a blog or a video channel that you update regularly, or started building a cookie business, at the end of a year you'll have something great. And some new skills. Something you can point to and say, "I built that." Which most people can't do.
Start small, and build it every day if possible. It's like putting your money in investments: it grows in value over time.
Become Trustworthy and Build Your Reputation
When someone hires an unfamiliar young person, the biggest fear is that the young person is not trustworthy. That they will come in late and lie about it and miss deadlines. Someone who has established a reputation over the years might be much more trusted, and more likely to be hired. Learn to be trustworthy by showing up on time, doing your best on every task, being honest, admitting mistakes but fixing them, trying your best to meet deadlines, and being a good person.
If you do that, you'll build a reputation and people will recommend you to others, which is the best way to get a job or investor.
Always Be Ready for Opportunities
If you do all of the above, or at least most of it, you'll be amazing. You'll be way, way ahead of pretty much every other person — especially if you're a teenager like the one who wrote me with this question. And opportunities will come your way, if you have your eyes open: job opportunities, a chance to build something with someone, an idea for a startup that you can build yourself, a new thing to learn and turn into a business, the chance to submit your new screenplay.
These opportunities might come along, and you have to be ready to seize them. Take risks — that's one of the advantages of being young. And if none come along, create your own.
Finally the idea behind all of this is that you can't know what you're going to do with your life right now, because you don't know who you're going to be, what you'll be able to do, what you'll be passionate about, who you'll meet, what opportunities will come up, or what the world will be like. But you do know this: if you are prepared, you can do anything you want.
Prepare yourself by learning about your mind, becoming trustworthy, building things, overcoming procrastination, getting good at discomfort and uncertainty.
You can put all this off and live a life of safety and boringness. Or you can start today, and see what life has to offer you.
A Guide for Young People: What to Do With Your Life [Zen Habits]