Windows/Linux/Android (4.0+): Most Android backup tools require root or run from your phone and save your data to your SD card. Simple ADB Backup is different; it runs from and backs up your phone's data to your desktop, and it does it all without root access.
To use Simple ADB Backup, you will need USB Debugging Mode enabled on your Android device (Go to Settings > Developer, enable developer options, then enable USB debugging) and the utility installed on your desktop. Then, just plug in your phone, launch the app on your Windows or Linux system, and choose a backup option. You have the option to back up your entire device, just apps, all data with or without system apps, or even a single app.
Simple ADB Backup also lets you restore backed-up data to your device. Before you back up, you'll be prompted to generate a password you'll also have to type into the app on your phone before the backup can begin. It's extremely simple, completely free and doesn't require you to have a rooted device. We still think that Titanium Backup is a more feature-filled app if you're willing to root (especially if you want a bulletproof backup system for your Android), and MyBackup Pro is ideal if you're migrating to a new phone, but Simple ADB Backup is free and so for beginners to use.
Simple ADB Backup is the work of XDA developer omegavesko, who has released it for free over at the XDA Developer forums. Hit the link below to find out more and download the app.
Simple ADB Backup - Full backup without root - BETA [xda-developers via Reddit]