Android/Web: PushBullet is a web app with a companion Android app that makes it simple to get files, documents, addresses, lists and plain text -- just about anything you want -- from your desktop into your Android phone's notifications pane. From there, you can open it directly in any application you choose.
There are plenty of ways to get files from your computer to your Android phone, but PushBullet's greatest strength is that anything you push goes right into your notifications pane where you can work with it instantly -- you don't need to open another app, sync or download what you sent yourself.
When you push a file, a note, an address or a list to your phone, PushBullet drops it into the notifications pane. Just tap the item in the notifications list and you'll be prompted to open it in the right application. If you push an address, you can choose Maps. If you push a document, you can choose whatever document reader you have installed. If it's a list, you can use Android's rich notifications to browse it and leave it in the notifications (like a shopping list, for example, only in your notifications bar) or open it in another app.
The app is brand new, so expect a few quirks here and there. It's also free and requires you download the Android app and select a Google account to pair the web app and the Android app after installing. We tested it, and it works as advertised. It may not totally replace the old Dropbox trick, but it's a great way to get addresses and APKs right to your phone so you can use them immediately.