Stretching Before Running Does No Good, But Don't Stop Right Away

Stretching, especially the static reach-and-hold kind we've previously suggested was all wrong, had virtually no effect on injury prevention in a study of 1400 runners, ages 13 to over 60. Not only that, but stretching could actually hurt your workout.

A new study from USA Track and Field was the result of a fairly huge undertaking, splitting up 1400 participants into stretch and no-stretch groups. The stretchers had to hold basic poses for 20 seconds that exercised their calf, hamstring and quadriceps muscles. The results?

About 16 percent of the group that didn't stretch were hobbled badly enough to miss training for at least a week (the researchers' definition of a running injury), while about 16 percent of the group that did stretch were laid up for at least a week. The percentages, in other words, were virtually identical. Static stretching had proved to be a wash in terms of protecting against injury. It "neither prevented nor induced injury when compared with not stretching before running," the study's authors concluded

Static stretching, in fact, could make your muscles tighter before a run, as your body adapts to your manual attempts to lengthen them.

Then again, the New York Times' follow-ups with researchers suggest that if you're currently stretching before a workout, you shouldn't quit cold turkey. Changing up a habitual physical habit, especially before an activity as injury-prone as running, could be tempting fate. Any changes to your routine, including a switch to the "dynamic stretching" explained in the full write-up, should be undertaken gradually.

Where do you fall in the seemingly endless stretch or no-stretch exercisers' debate? What stretches have worked for your own routine?

Phys Ed: Does Stretching Before Running Prevent Injuries? [NYTimes.com]


Comments

    Dynamic stretching before exercise is the way to go because it limbers you up while getting the blood pumping. I've also read static stretching before exercise reduces strength and speed because it diminishes the elastic properties of your muscles (where a lot of our power can come from).

    http://stronglifts.com/7-dynamic-stretches-to-improve-your-hip-mobility/
    I generally follow these stretches before exercise while throwing in a stretch or two for my back and shoulders (my tightest areas from sitting all day).

    Mind you static stretches do seem to have their place and I'll throw them in after exercise sometimes.

    I'm too lazy to stretch, yet I do a lot of exercise including Cycling, Jogging and Ultimate Frisbee. The last of those involves sprinting, turning, jumping, throwing, and diving. I cycle about 100km a week and play 3x 70-80 minute games of Ultimate a week and I'm permanently aching in one or more of my muscles.

    Does a lion or a Tiger stretch before hunting and killing the fast Gazelle or wild boar.

    No I don't think so. Take the lesson from nature.

      Does a lion or tiger sit on its ass all day watching TV and eating Cheetos before trying to run down that gazelle?

    I'm a reasonably regular bike rider, and I find that starting out easy, warming up, then static stretches at the end of the ride are what help me the most. Without the end stretches, it'll wipe me out for a while (ie no stretches after my morning ride to work makes my evening ride extremely difficult)

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