You juggle a lot of balls every day, and it’s easy to feel like everything gets 20 per cent of your attention, but nothing ever gets 100 per cent. It’s time to start giving your work your full focus.
Photo by koka sexton.
It’s easy to feel like you’re being constantly pulled in multiple directions. Fractured attention, endless to-do lists and an overwhelming sense that everything important was due 20 minutes ago are practically the uniform of the modern workplace. If that frazzled view of work sounds a bit too much like your work day, it may be time to reconsider how you’re working, take back your focus from the multitude of distractions around you, and start focusing on the work that matters and will make a difference in your career and life.
The Allure and Trap of Multitasking
Except the power of multitasking is a myth. Human beings are, essentially, single-core processors. We can’t effectively check our email, listen to someone asking us for feedback on a project and take notes simultaneously. We can do it, sure, but everything suffers. Juggling tasks divides your attention, increases the time spent refocusing on important tasks (making you less productive), often gives people the impression that you aren’t completely focused on them (because you’re not), and robs you of a powerful focus you could be directing towards a single important task.
The Benefits of Singletasking
Singletasking forces you to sustain your focus and work through complex problems. If you're always jumping from email to IM to the web and then back through your list of workplace distractions, then you're not taking the time to focus on problems that require persistent and complex thought.
Your stress levels will fall. Multitasking is stressful. The more you attempt to do things in parallel, the more energy you have to invest just in tracking your tasks and keep things straight. When you focus fully on one task, you can redirect much of the mental and physical energy you've been using up just keeping all the balls in the air towards more productive work.
You'll get better at managing your time. When we talked about using timers to boost your productivity, we highlighted how timers can train you to be more honest with your time and assessments thereof. Singletasking imparts a similar ability; you'll become better at identifying things that are effective and ineffective uses of your time. When you cut out the distractions and hone in on the work that is important to you, unimportant things that take you away from that work are easier to see.
You'll get more done, one task at at time, than you could have even imagined when you were "multitasking". Feeling a sense of completion is extremely satisfying. Imagine you've been tasked with felling a stand of trees. If you approach it by making three passes of the saw on each tree before moving onto the next. At the end of the day you won't have cut down a single tree down. If you start with one tree and saw through until it's done, you may not have left your mark on every tree that day, but you'll have a pile of timber to show for your effort. When you cut out the crap that doesn't matter and start sawing away at the important tasks, you may be surprised to see how quickly you make progress on them.
Getting Started with Singletasking
Use the minimal tools necessary to effectively do your work. You can find inspiration for this idea in a an unusual place — the Amish. Most people assume the Amish shun technology. On closer inspection, however, the Amish don't shun technology; they just operate from the default stance of "No.". They only accept new things when those new things seem to be worth the hassle. Their dividing line may differ completely from ours, but we generally operate on the default of "Yes!", accepting new tools and tech at a rapid clip. When you consider what you really need to get your work done, however, you'll probably notice at least a few "tools" you can do without. Do you need a web browser open on your second monitor while you're writing that memo? Do you need the second monitor at all? Can you ignore your email for a few hours? Shut down your IM software?
It's easy to fall into the trap of thinking that we need to have our email open all the time, to have our IM client on in case somebody needs to reach us, to have web browser ready to go for those urgent things we need to do. Try operating from the standpoint of "I don't need this unless it proves to be impossible to work without it." You'll quickly find that you need way fewer tools than you think you do. (If you feel like physical clutter is part of your problem, check out our end-all guide to getting out from under your office crap.)
Do less. That doesn't mean you should work less, not as hard or sit there staring off in space just to cut down on your stress. Doing less is more about acknowledging that you can't do everything, that every to-do list entry isn't set in stone and that it's OK to say no. When people end up frantically multitasking, it's often after they've realised there's no conceivable way they will ever get everything on their to-do list done. If that hits a little close to home for you, it's probably time to clean out your to-do list and brush up on maintaining a project list that doesn't crush your soul.
Be candid about your singletasking focus. People will initially be surprised at your commitment to multitasking, culturally we're firmly entrenched in the idea of multitasking. If your boss asks you why you didn't respond immediately to an email she sent you, tell her the truth: You closed your email client to give 100 per cent of your attention to a project she had delegated to you earlier in the day. We've all gotten so used to not having the full focus of our bosses, coworkers, even friends, that it's easy to forget how powerful it is to have and to give 100 per cent focus.
In short: Prune your to-do list, focus on one task at a time and knock them out one by one.