Browser Speed Tests: Safari 5, Firefox 3.6, Chrome 6, Opera 10.6 Beta

Apple's stepped up with Safari 5, Firefox has brought forth a more crash-proof 3.6 and Opera's continuing to push forward in betas. Let's break out the timer and testing software to see how the latest browsers run on real hardware.

We're using much the same testing methods as we did with our last performance tests. If you're not familiar with our series, we use this editor's eyes and fingers (and Rob Keir's timer app) to time the loading of browsers from first boot-up ("cold"), after already running once ("warm"), and in opening multiple tabs at once — in this case, nine. For JavaScript and DOM/CSS scripting tests, we use Mozilla's Dromaeo suite, which incorporates tests from Google's V8 series, Apple's SunSpider tests and other independent markers.

In measuring memory use, we've switched away from the Windows process manager to Google's about:memory page, which can measure memory use across browsers, and more importantly, measures the resources that multi-process browsers actually use. Given that Chrome and Safari are using the same WebKit engine, and Firefox has moved to a Chrome-like sandboxing of plug-ins inside their own process, it made sense to use the total memory count from Chrome's measurement tool.

Finally, these tests are performed on a ThinkPad T61p laptop, running a 2.0 GHz Intel Centrino Duo processor and 2GB of RAM, with a fairly fresh install of Windows 7. The start-up tests were run using a copy of Google's home page saved to the hard drive to negate network differences, and the nine-page loads were performed with an Ethernet cable attached to a 50Mb/s Time Warner cable connection. For every timing test, three results were gathered and any obvious outliers were eliminated.

Now — onto the juicy number stuff. Click any of the images below for a larger, wider view.

Boot-Up and Warm Loading — Winner: Opera 10.6 Beta!

Not a huge surprise, as Opera's 10.5 pre-alpha took the prize for cold start-ups last time. It's probably the most variable of the tests in this series, given the mysteries of hard drives, CPUs and Windows app management — but Opera consistently starts up the fastest from a dead stop. The "warm" starts, after having run each browser once, are close enough together that Chrome's win there is notable, but not the decider.

Tab Loading — Winner: Internet — Wait, Seriously? — Explorer 8

Yes, I re-ran this test about three times. But looking back two tests ago, I realise that Internet Explorer 8 was never a slouch in quickly pulling up content, even when hit with nine tabs at once. In this case, it was a home page for each browser tested, plus, Lifehacker and Gizmodo and Hulu. Internet Explorer did quite well.

The other surprise that I couldn't shake after multiple tests? Safari 5 on Windows just would not load up all my tabs at once. It would load the top navigation bars from Lifehacker, Gizmodo and Hulu, then freeze, with spinning dials on each tab for at least a minute. At least one other user saw similar multi-tab problems. It's not as though browser users are regularly loading up nine tabs at once, but it's still odd to see such an error.

JavaScript — Winner: Chrome (Dev Version)!

Last time, Opera jumped way, way out in the lead, but Chrome's development version picks up the top spot in the Dromaeo tests this time. The drop-off of Opera likely says something about the niggling details of JavaScript testing.

DOM/CSS — Winner: Opera 10.6 Beta!

Safari, Chrome and Opera could be called evenly matched, given the variables of hardware and testing. Still, Opera's recent obsession with speed is starting to show returns.

Memory Use Without Extensions — Winner: Firefox 3.6!

It's a consistent result lately — with nothing installed and having just been started, Firefox is really frugal with memory.

Memory Use with Extensions — Winner: Firefox 3.6!

Even though Firefox's extensions would seem to be more full-featured and memory-intensive than Chrome's, which seem to run like advanced user scripts, Firefox is better with a few standard extensions on memory than Chrome. Those extensions, by the way, are the same as in our last test: AdBlock Plus, Xmarks, LastPass, CoolIris and a Gmail checker.

Here's a full comparison chart showing each browser with and without extensions, with just one home page open and nine tabs loaded:

There you go — our latest batch of words and spreadsheet voodoo. We learned that Chrome is still pretty far ahead in JavaScript, but Opera is still a serious contender in overall scripting speed. We also saw that Internet Explorer has its strong points, and that Safari 5 on Windows is ... just as good as Safari on Windows has been.

Don't see the truth in our results? Done some testing of your own? We welcome all kinds of debate in the comments.


    All a bit confusing, and different product versions for some tests. Should you not be comparing current RTM versions? My experience is that overall Firefox is no way faster than Chrome.

      @bazarov : the tests for speed are "bigger the better" graphs, so Chrome comes out way ahead of Firefox, but it uses more memory (if thats an issue on your machine)

        Thanks SIMO!

    3d bar charts are evil and annoying to read, i would have expected a website based around efficiency not to use something like that. aside from that an interesting read.

      Agreed. Spent a little time trying to work out what was where..

      As stated above, other than that: Interesting read :)

    Hmm, I'd be interested to see how this all goes on a Mac. I use WebKit Nightlies, running in a Safari 5 shell on my MacBook, and it easily beats Firefox hands down every time in my day to day use.

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