The free Ubuntu Linux operating system finally has some decent, condensed, official documentation, but curiously missing are the changes to keyboard shortcuts that control the desktop. The Tombuntu blog helpfully lists the multi-desktop, window management and accessibility key combos in Ubuntu 10.04.
Some of Ubuntu's keyboard shortcuts are built in, but others require the use of Compiz, the window effects manager that's activated when you enable desktop effects (and third-party drivers) in the Appearance options, under System/Preferences. When you do, you'll have a few handy keyboard shortcuts at the ready, including these basic window management standbys:
- Super + A – "scale" effect, shows all windows
- Alt + F10 – toggle maximize current window
- Alt + F9 – minimize current window
- Ctrl + Alt + D – toggle show desktop
- Alt + Middle mouse button – resize window
It's also helpful to know that the "Me"/messaging window, one of the best improvements in Ubuntu 10.04, can be accessed from pressing the Windows key ("Super") + M. That combo used to invert the screen colours for the whole desktop, but now requires some tweaking in the Compiz settings, most likely. To invert the colours of the window that's open, hit Super + N.
Compiz Keyboard Shortcuts in Ubuntu 10.04 [Tombuntu]